The kind of roofing with covering that composes of individual overlapping elements is shingle roofing. The elements of shingle roofing are described as flat, rectangular in shape, and are laid in courses from the bottom edge of the roof up, with every successive course overlaps the joints before it. You will find shingles in different materials, from wood, slate, flagstone, metal, plastic, and composite materials like fibre cement and asphalt shingles. In Europe and some parts in Asia, the ceramic roof tiles, usually just called tiles, are in dominance in use.
Almost always, roof shingles are very visible, thus this aspect of a building is very important especially where aesthetics is concern with reference to patterns, textures and colors. Generally, the materials of roof shingles, just like the other materials on vernacular buildings, are available locally. Since the material affects the pitch of the roof and its construction method, the type of shingle is being considered before construction begins. Learn more about Shingle Roofing at residential roof repair Westerville. While other shingles can be installed on lath, some would need sheathing that is solid on the roof deck. Beginning with a starter course and edge seams offset to avoid leakings, note that all shingle roofs are to be installed from the bottom upward. Especially in cold climates when snow, ice dams, wind and rain would occur, it would benefit shingle installations to be placed on top of an underlayment material such as asphalt felt paper to prevent leaks. Be aware that some building codes do not allow for use on some types of buildings those roof shingles that are less than class-A fire rating, thus it is good to be aware that some roof shingles are non-combustible and have better fire rating than the others. Compared to the fiberglass-based asphalt shingles, wood shingles and organic-based asphalt shingles are less commonly used due to its fire hazard possibility. The minimum recommended roof pitch of shingles is 4:12 with no underlayment material under it since shingles are not water-tight.
Fiberglass-based asphalt shingles are by far the most common roofing used for the applications in residential roofing like in the country of the United States. Get more info about Shingle Roofing at siding Westerville. The much less common are the bitumen roof shingles or tile strips, which are used in Europe, are easy to install, relatively affordable, and could last 20 to 50 years.
As you choose your roof shingles, be aware of its protective nature, such as the long-chain petroleum carbons that protect the nature of paper and fiberglass asphalt shingles, and the natural oils in the cellulose structure of the wood shingles.
Other kinds of roof shingles are stone shingles, fiber cement shingles, metal shingles, plastic shingles, and cedar shingles.